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dz

Algeria



dz1963

People's Democratic Republic of Algeria 1963

← 1962

stamppages : free online postage stamp catalogue : People's Democratic Republic of Algeria 1963

1964 →

The months immediately following independence had witnessed the pell-mell rush of Algerians, their government, and its officials to claim the lands, houses, businesses, automobiles, bank accounts, and jobs left behind by the Europeans. By the 1963 March Decrees, Ben Bella declared that all agricultural, industrial, and commercial properties previously operated and occupied by Europeans were vacant, thereby legalizing their confiscation by the state. The term nationalization was not used in the decrees, presumably to avoid indemnity claims.

The FLN called its policy of widespread state involvement in the economy "Algerian socialism". Public-sector enterprises were gradually organized into state corporations that participated in virtually every aspect of the country's economic life. Although their activities were coordinated by central authorities, each state corporation was supposed to retain a measure of autonomy within its own sphere.

The departure of European owners and managers from factories and agricultural estates gave rise to a spontaneous, grass-roots phenomenon, later termed autogestion, which saw workers take control of the enterprises to keep them operating. Seeking to capitalize on the popularity of the self-management movement, Ben Bella formalized autogestion in the March Decrees. As the process evolved, workers in state-owned farms and enterprises and in agricultural cooperatives elected boards of managers that directed production activities, financing, and marketing in conjunction with state-appointed directors. The system proved to be a failure, however. The crucial agricultural sector suffered particularly under self-management, partly as result of bureaucratic incompetence, graft, and theft.

1963

1963001
have:
1963001: 0,05 - Independence - Algerian flag, Rifle, Laurel wreath
1963002
have:
1963002: 0,10 - Independence - Algerian flag, Rifle, Laurel wreath
1963003
have:
1963003: 0,25 - Independence - Algerian flag, Rifle, Laurel wreath
1963004
have:
1963004: 0,95 - Independence - Algerian flag, Rifle, Laurel wreath
1963005
have:
1963005: 1,00 - Independence - Algerian flag, Rifle, Peace dove
1963006
have:
1963006: 2,00 - Independence - Algerian flag, Rifle, Peace dove
1963007
have:
1963007: 5,00 - Independence - Algerian flag, Rifle, Peace dove
1963008
have:
1963008: 10,00 - Independence - Algerian flag, Rifle, Peace dove
1963009
have:
1963009: 0,25 - Freedom from Hunger Campaign
1963010
have:
1963010: 0,50+0,20 - Solidarity semi postal stamp
1963011
have:
1963011: 0,25 - Independence: 1th anniversary - Map
1963012
have:
1963012: 0,25 - 2nd Arab Physicians Union Congress - Physicians from 13th century manuscript
1963013
have:
1963013: 0,25 - New constitution
1963014
have:
1963014: 0,25 - Algerian revolution: 9th anniversary
1963015
have:
1963015: 0,25 - Red Cross: 100th anniversary
1963016
have:
1963016: 0,25 - Universal Declaration of Human Rights

D1963

D196301
have:
D196301: 0,05 - Weighing scale postage due
D196302
have:
D196302: 0,10 - Weighing scale postage due
D196303
have:
D196303: 0,20 - Weighing scale postage due
D196304
have:
D196304: 0,50 - Weighing scale postage due
D196305
have:
D196305: 1,00 - Weighing scale postage due

P1963

P196301
have:
P196301: 0,08 - Orange precancelled stamp
P196302
have:
P196302: 0,20 - Orange precancelled stamp
P196303
have:
P196303: 0,40 - Orange precancelled stamp
P196304
have:
P196304: 0,55 - Orange precancelled stamp




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