I collect used stamps world wide: any used stamp of this list is very much apreciated.
|no previous stamps|
1840 (Queen Victoria)1840 complete 1840 want
|The postal history of the United Kingdom is notable in at least two respects: first, for the introduction of postage stamps in 1840, and secondly for the establishment of an efficient postal system throughout the British Empire, laying the foundation of many national systems still in existence today.|
The Victorian age saw an explosion of experimentation. The inefficiency of using scissors to cut stamps from the sheet inspired trials with rouletting (the Archer Roulette), and then with perforation, which became standard practice in 1854. In 1847,
Early British stamps were made with corner letters intended as a safeguard against forgery. Ranging from AA to TL (20 rows A-T by 12 columns A-L = 240 different stamps per sheet. The first stamps had 2 corner letters at the bottom, later on stamps had 4 corner letters, those in the upper corner were in reverse order (so you only read the bottom ones). If you realy want to go crazy: there are 4 types of lettering: somewhat smaller or heavier and slender or broader.
A 5-shilling (abbreviated as 5/- or 5s) stamp first appeared in 1867, followed by 10 shilling and £1 values in 1878, culminating in a £5 stamp in 1882.
A collector of this period should descide what to collect and what not: the Penny Reds are know with 152 plate numbers (so 152*240=36480 different possibilities for this one little stamp...), and I'm not starting about colour nuances rose-red to lake-red and some imperfs. This is a cheap stamp (except for the elusive plate 77), so ideal for collecting it with different number cancels, some of which from abroad). I love philately : collecting just this one stamp can take a lifetime !
The last major issue of Victoria was the "Jubilee issue" of 1887, a set of twelve designs ranging from 1⁄2d to 1s, most printed in two colours or on coloured paper. (Although issued during the Jubilee year, they were not issued specifically for the occasion, and are thus not commemoratives.)
Before decimalisation in 1971, the pound was divided into 20 shillings and each shilling into 12 pence, making 240 pence to the pound. The symbol for the shilling was s. (from the Latin solidus), but often also written /-. The symbol for the penny was d. (from the French denier, and Latin denarius, both Roman coins). A mixed sum of shillings and pence, such as 3 shillings and 6 pence, was written as 3/6 or 3s.6d. and spoken as three and six or three and sixpence.
Finally some special names : a farthing = 1/4p, and a crown = 1/4 pound or 5 shillings.