hello, are you pleased with these pages ? then PLEASE also have a look at my wish list of these stamps: you can send me used stamps in trade
you can choose your stamps for a first trade from my offer list of Belgian stamps. I collect world wide used stamps and like to exhange stamps: new pages will follow soon. But remember, this is a hobby project: I will add pages as time permits.
United States of America
stamppages : free online postage stamp catalogue : United States of America 1870
|15 July 1870: all Confederate states were readmitted to Congress. The North-Western Territory was transferred by the United Kingdom to Canada, thus transferring its portion of the Alaska boundary dispute.|
The below stamps are known as the 1870-88 Large Banknote issues: Large because a smaller size issue followed these in 1890, Banknote because they were printed by 3 companies whose primary business was printing banknotes.
The 1c stamp could have been used for some third-class mail, drop letters, or in combination with other denominations to fulfill larger rates. The mail rate for a postcard was one cent in 1879. The 1-cent Franklin (as a single use) could have paid the card rate or, in combination with other denominations, higher rates. Around 590 million stamps of the 1c Franklin were printed by American Bank Note Company.
The 2-cent Jackson stamp could have been used for to pay the two-cent local mail rate, or in combination with other denominations to fulfill larger rates.
Jean-Antoine Houdon's famous sculpture inspired the 3-cent Washington stamps engraved image. The stamp could have been used to pay the two-cent local mail rate; it could also have been used in combination with other denominations to fulfill larger rates.
The first-class domestic rate for a half-ounce letter was three cents in 1870. The 6-cent stamp of this issue was the easiest way to pay the double-weight first-class rate (or the half-ounce rates to many countries, including Great Britain and Canada until the five-cent U.P.U. rate was established in 1875).
With the exception of Benjamin Franklin, only those who had served as president had been honored on United States stamps prior to the 1870-1871 Issue. In order of ascending denominations, the first non-president to be honored was Edwin M. Stanton (1814-1869). Stanton served as Abraham Lincoln's attorney general and then as Secretary of War, a position he held into the Johnson administration. On December 20, 1869, President Grant appointed him to the United States Supreme Court. The 7-cent stamp honoring Stanton was the only stamp issued in 1871. Circumstances made it very useful as the stamp used to pay a full rate. In 1870, while the stamp was being designed, it was intended as the seven-cent direct mail rate to several European countries. In early 1871 the European-destination direct mail rate was reduced to six cents, making the Stanton 7-cent stamp effectively useless. Fortuitously, when the rate for mail sent through England into Prussian closed mails was set at seven cents, down from ten cents, the Stanton stamp became functional. Between 1872 and 1875, the 7-cent Stanton stamp paid an increasing number of single rates. The rate to Denmark was made seven cents in 1872, and in 1873 the rate to Hungary and Luxembourg was the made the same. With the adoption of the Universal Postal Union standard international single-weight rate of five cents in 1875, the Stanton stamp was no longer available.
In summer 1873 the Continental Bank Note Company produced two stamps of Thomas Jefferson, one in old age and one in his prime, and both printed in identical brown ink. The stamp was primarily used in combination with other denominations to fulfill expensive rates. Over its years of use, the 10-cent stamp paid various postal rates: from 1873 onward it paid the ten-cent registered mail fee and the Universal Postal Union single-weight five-cent rate to any country.
Harts famous sculpture of Henry Clay inspired the engraving for the 12-cent stamp. The stamp was used primarily in combination with other denominations to fulfill expensive rates.
The 15-cent stamp design what was considered by all the most realistic neoclassical depiction of Daniel Webster, the marble bust by sculptor Shobal Vail Clevenger. The stamp could have paid the fifteen-cent registered mail fee or the single-weight fee to South Africa or, in combination with other denominations, more expensive rates.
John Coffees sculpture of general Scott was the basis for the 24-cent stamp engraving. The stamp was mostly used in combination with other denominations on cover to fulfill expensive postal rates.
Italian sculptor Giuseppe Ceracchi executed many busts of prominent Americans during the time of the Constitutional Convention. The National Bank Note Company chose Ceracchis bust of Hamilton for the 30-cent stamp. The Hamilton stamp was used primarily in combination with other denominations to fulfill expensive postal rates.
The 90-cent stamp depicts Commodore Oliver Perry. The stamp was used primarily in combination with other denominations on cover to fulfill expensive postal rates.
In 1875, Post Office Department officials decided to exhibit samples of all previously issued stamps at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia the following year. Since this required a special printing, the department ordered extra copies for sale to stamp collectors.
In 1882 the inland letter rate was reduced from 3 to 2c and, as Washington had been associated for many years with the stamp which franked the internal correspondence it was decided to transfer his profile from the 3c to the 2c value. Accordingly, a new design was prepared, for the 2 cents bearing his bust and Jackson, dethroned from the 2 cents, was given a place on the new 4 cents value.