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United States of America
stamppages : free online postage stamp catalogue : United States of America 1910
|1911: Naval Station, Tutuila, was renamed American Samoa; the station continued to operate separate from territorial governance until 1951.|
1912: New Mexico Territory was admitted as the 47th state, New Mexico. Arizona Territory was admitted as the forty-eighth state, Arizona.
The Danish Virgin Islands were purchased from Denmark and renamed the United States Virgin Islands.
The United States remained neutral from the outbreak of World War I in 1914 until 1917 when it joined the war as an Associated Power alongside the formal Allies of World War I, helping to turn the tide against the Central Powers. In 1919, President Woodrow Wilson took a leading diplomatic role at the Paris Peace Conference and advocated strongly for the U.S. to join the League of Nations. However, the Senate refused to approve this and did not ratify the Treaty of Versailles that established the League of Nations.
The 1-cent Washington went through 30 different renditions from its first printing in 1912 through its last version in 1922. Among its printings include some of the most sought-after stamps of the entire Bureau Period. It paid the card rate of one cent. When the last 1-cent Washington was sold in 1925, over 45 billion had been issued.
The Post Office Department issued the first 10-cent Franklin stamp of the Third Bureau Issue in January of 1912. It paid the domestic registered mail fee. By the time the last 10-cent Franklin stamps were sold, more than 1.8 billion had been issued.
The 2-dollar Franklin was bi-colored, as was its 5-dollar companion. Though planned to be printed with a red frame and black vignette, the earliest printings had a distinctly orange frame. These were available on August 19, 1918. The Bureau quickly remedied the situation and issued the appropriate red frame on November 1. It printed 791,380 of these stamps through fiscal year 1924. The 2-dollar Franklin's obvious usages included postage on heavy items and on registered items that had substantial value and required high indemnification. The earliest stamps with the orange frame are very scarce.
1914 saw the first use of the Rotary plates for production. The rotary plates were flat plates that were curved in order to fit the rotary machine. The plates were 17 stamps wide by 10 stamps high. Two pairs of these plates resulted in 340 coil stamps with each printing. Curving the plate increased the width of the stamp from 22¼ mm that flat plates produce to a slightly wider 23mm. Where the two plates join a thin line of color lies between the stamps, this is known as a line pair and command a price premium. Unfortunately the curvature of the plate caused the ink to smudge on the stamp. Type II was produced where the areas prone to smudging were re-engraved. But it didn't., now areas of the stamp became under-inked. So type III was produced.
During the World War I questions of economy were paramount and the Bureau finding that unwatermarked paper could be bought at considerable saving specified this for their contracts effective July 1, 1916. On August 22 this new paper was first used. These stamps were almost entirely overlooked by both collectors and dealers. The single line watermark on the previous stamps was almost invisible and this unwatermarked variety not being an obvious change either as to design or perforation comparatively few were saved. It was current for less than six months and is one of the most desirable one cent regular issued stamps of the twentieth century. Because of the obscurity of the watermark on the previous issue care should be taken when classifying a stamp of this variety.
The first air mail service in 1918.
Early in 1914 the Post Office Department prepared a special Peace issue to commemorate the 100th anniversary of peace among English-speaking nations, which dated to The Treaty of Ghent, signed on December 24, 1814, to end the War of 1812. Hostilities raging in Europe, however, made it inadvisable to continue with preparations of the stamps in 1914. The November 11, 1918, triumph of the Allies in World War I presented the opportunity for a multi-stamp issue to celebrate the great victory. With the Bureau busy making Liberty Bonds and revenue stamps, materials shortages and limited time, it was decided to issue only a single stamp. The 3-cent Victory issue featured the allegorical figure of the Goddess of Liberty Victorious holding a sword in one hand and the Scales of Justice in the other. The figure is framed by the flags of the five allied countries most engaged in the conflict— Great Britain, Belgium, the U.S., Italy, and France (left to right). The laudable theme not withstanding, the public did not receive the stamp well. The designs cluttered appearance, its shaded background, and its light violet color presented a blurred and unsatisfactory appearance. In fact, the lack of public interest was acknowledged by the Post Office Department which, shortly after releasing the stamp, issued a directive to postmasters stating, The issue of the Liberty Victorious is not sufficiently large to take the place of the regular issue of 3-cent stamps, and postmasters will, therefore, supply them only to patrons who request them.